Super Alpha Varieties...

 

 

Apollo
This super high alpha variety was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2006. It is resistant to powdery and downy mildew. The very high alpha, good storage stability and low cohumulone ratio makes it an excellent choice for bittering. Added late into the boil it provides a strong grapefruit and hoppy note.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2,900 – 3,350
Yield (lbs per acre)
2,600 – 3,000
Alpha Acids
15.0 – 19.0%
Beta Acids
5.5 – 8.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
3.0 - 3.5 
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
24 – 28%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.5 – 2.5
Myrcene (as % of other oils)
30.0 – 50.0%
Caryophyllene (as % of other oils)
14.0 – 20.0%
Humulene (as % of other oils)
20.0 – 35.0%
Farnesene (as % of other oils)
< 1.0%
Storage(% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
80 – 90%
Similar Hop Varieties
Nugget, CTZ
 
Bravo
Bravo is a second generation super high alpha variety that was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2006. It has good resistance to powdery mildew.   Bravo is an excellent bittering hop that provides pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
3,000 – 3,470
Yield (lbs per acre)
2,700 – 3,100
Alpha Acids
14.0 – 17.0%
Beta Acids
3.0 –  4 .0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
 4.5 - 5.5 
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
29.0 – 34.0%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.6 – 2.4
Myrcene (as % of other oils)
25.0 – 50.0%
Caryophyllene (as % of other oils)
10.0 – 12.0%
Humulene (as % of other oils)
18.0 – 20.0%
Farnesene (as % of other oils)
< 1.0%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
70%
Similar Hop Varieties
CTZ
 
Columbus/Tomahawk®/Zeus (CTZ)
These three varieties are often grouped together and labeled as CTZ. They are referred to as Super High Alpha varieties, having alpha acid content of between 14.5-16.5%. Together they make up approximately a quarter of the entire U.S. hop acreage.
 
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2800 - 3249
Yield (lbs per acre)
2500 - 2900
Alpha Acids
14.5 - 16.5%
Beta Acids
4.0 - 5.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
3.3 - 3.6
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
28 - 32%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
2.0 - 3.0
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
40 - 50%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
9 - 11%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
12 - 18%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
52%
Possible Substitutions
Galena, Chinook, Nugget
 
Millennium
Millennium is a high alpha variety bred in the John I. Haas, Inc. breeding program and released in 2000.  Its brewing profile is comparable to Nugget and Columbus, being used primarily as a bittering hop with strong alpha potential.
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2464 - 2913
Yield (lbs per acre)
2200 - 2600
Alpha Acids
14.5 - 16.5%
Beta Acids
4.3 - 5.3%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
3.1 - 3.4
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
28 - 32%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.8 - 2.2
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
30 - 40%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
9 - 12%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
23 - 27%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
76%
Possible Substitutions
Nugget, Columbus

 

Summit™

Summit™ is a high alpha variety of recent origin that was bred by the American Dwarf Hop Association. It is the first high alpha variety that can be grown commercially on a low as well as a high trellis in the U.S.   The variety exhibits unusually high alpha acids content, high alpha/beta ratios, excellent storage-stability and powdery mildew resistance. It is the first dwarf hop to be bred for production in the United States and it's currently the only hop being grown on low trellis in the Yakima Valley. Summit is a superior bittering hop with earth aromatic notes and a subtle hint of citrus.  
  
Yield (kilos per hectare)
2500 - 3100
Yield (lbs per acre)
2200 - 2700
Alpha Acids
16 – 18%
Beta Acids
4.0 - 6.0%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
3.0 - 4.0
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
26 - 33%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.5 - 2.5
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
30 - 50%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
10 - 15%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
15 - 25%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
< 1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
85%
Possible Substitutions
CTZ, Warrior, Millennium

Super Galena

Super Galena is a super high alpha variety developed by the Hopsteiner breeding program and released in 2006. It has relatively high contents of both alpha and beta acids, making it a good bittering hop with pleasant aroma. Super Galena is comparable to Galena in its aroma and bitterness profile, but offers a substantially higher yield and complete resistance to all current hop powdery mildew strains found in the U.S.  
 Yield (kilos per hectare)
2800 - 3100
Yield (lbs per acre)
2500 - 2800
Alpha Acids
13-16%
Beta Acids
8-10%
Alpha-Beta Ratio
1.6
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids):
35-40%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops)
1.5-2.5
Myrcene (as % of total oils)
45-60%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils)
6-14%
Humulene (as % of total oils)
19-24%
Farnesene (as % of total oils)
<1%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C)
78-80%
Possible Substitutions
Galena

 

 

For a complete copy of the USA Hop Variety Manual (updated July 2013), please click HERE

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